Nowadays, as a result of the development of information technology, there is a large flow of information. These data streams permeate every industry today. Analyzing and implementing this data through efficient processing and obtaining high results increases the relevance of the important research work called big data. This article presents an analysis of big data and approaches to its processing based on the analysis of materials from various sources. At the same time, general hypotheses of the approach to storing and processing big data using quantum computing, which is one of the modern approaches to processing big data, are presented.